Mind training is a clear way of seeing, reflecting, contemplating and understanding how things really are and what is best for me and others. It takes time for our mind to be trained this way, as we are prone to behave and think in a certain way due to our habitual tendencies. These tendencies are due to the five posions (kleshas), namely attachment, anger, ignorance, jealousy and arrogance. Ignorance or ma-rigpa in Tibetan is the root cause of everything. We cannot behave properly if we don’t have the right view, if we are ignorant of what is good for us and others. There are both positive and negative sides of attachment. The positive one, for example, is compassion. I love all sentient beings and I really wish to help them. Anger is the most negative poison that can lead to malevalence and great suffering. For example, if someone says something negative about us, we might feel upset. The moment we are angry, it’s nothing good at all. The one who is hurt is not others, but ourself. We can’t be angry and happy at the same time. And when we are angry at something or someone, we usually get moody all day long. It’s not logical to stay angry, because if we do we can never be happy. Understanding this and trying to change our conduct and way of reacting to emotions is what we call “mind training”.
From Ringu Tulku Rinpoche’s talk on mind training, November 29, 2007.